About Israel


Flag of Israel                         Emblem of Israel

Flag_of_Israel.svg                Emblem_of_Israel.svg

History and Geography

The State of Israel was established in 1948 after the end of the British Mandate. In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish and Democratic State. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel’s legislative body. The country has the highest standard of living in the Middle East and the fifth highest in Asia, and has one of the highest life expectancies in the world. Israel’s financial center is Tel Aviv, while Jerusalem is the country’s most populous city and its designated capital.

Israel is at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea, bounded by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan and the West Bank to the east, and Egypt and the Gaza strip to the southwest. The sovereign territory of Israel, excluding all territories captured by Israel during the 1967 Six-Day War, is approximately 20,770 square kilometers (8,019 sq mi) in area, of which two percent is water. The area is also known as the Holy Land, being holy for all Abrahamic religions including Judaism, Christianity, Islam and the Bahá’í Faith.


Temperatures in Israel vary widely, especially during the winter. The more mountainous regions can be windy, cold, and sometimes snowy; Jerusalem usually receives at least one snowfall each year. Meanwhile, coastal cities, such as Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean climate with cool, rainy winters and long, hot summers. The area of Beersheba and the Northern Negev has a semi-arid climate with hot summers, cool winters and fewer rainy days than the Mediterranean climate. The Southern Negev has a desert climate with very hot and dry summers and mild winters with few days of rain.

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Map of Israel


Useful Links

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Visa and Passport Info

Israel Ministry of Tourism


Jerusalem University

(Photo credit:  Israel Ministry of Tourism www.goisrael.com)